No. 12: Do's and Don't's for a Lasting Environment
Land Improvement Contractors of Ontario
Do - Make and save a map of all tile drains and watercourses on your property. Aerial photographs make a good record.
Do - Do work the soil prior to spreading manure. Inspect drain outlets during spreading.
- Walk your fields and look for and repair water holes in the field
surface over drains.
Do - Inspect tile drain outlets twice a year. Look for signs of sand discharge and/or grass and straw caught in the rodent guard. These are indications of problems you will find up the pipe. Locate and repair the problem.
Do - Inspect the tile outlet discharge for signs of stringy organic material and orange iron ochre. Ask your LICO contractor for advice.
Do - Repair and maintain tile outlets damaged by ice and erosion.
Do - Inspect your field ditches and repair side bank erosion at points where surface water enters the ditch.
Do - Direct clean water, ie, roof water, surface water, away from a contamination source such as an outside feedlot to an adequate outlet such as a tile drain, surface drain, etc. and not into a manure storage.
Do - Develop a good crop plan which includes crop rotations and other soil saving practices.
Do - Beware of fuel storage areas and watch for overflow onto the soil leading to the groundwater. Get a copy of the Regulations from your agricultural engineer.
Don’t - Place catch basins in or near feedlots and barnyards.
Don’t - Lose or destroy old maps of earlier drainage systems.
Don’t - Don’t spread manure on tiled fields when the soil is dry and soil cracks are deep.
Don’t - Spread liquid manure when the soil surface is too wet and manure runs into ditches.
Don’t - Spread liquid manure on frozen surface, close to ditches or tile inlets nor on top of snow.
Don’t - Connect field tile to sources of organic pollution such as milk house wash water, surplus milk, barnyard runoff, gutter washing, and silage juice discharge.
Don’t - Plant crops too close to the edge of ditches, leave an adequate buffer strip.
Don’t - Apply pesticides, chemical fertilizer, or other chemicals when they can be washed into tile drain water or the ground water.
Don’t - Work soil when it is so wet wheels leave tracks and soil compaction.