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Land Improvement Contractors of Ontario


No. 12: Do's and Don't's for a Lasting Environment

Land Improvement Contractors of Ontario

Do -  Make and save a map of all tile drains and watercourses on your property.  Aerial photographs make a good record.

Do -   Do work the soil prior to spreading manure.  Inspect drain outlets during       spreading.


Do -  Walk your fields and look for and repair water holes in the field surface over drains.

Do -  Inspect tile drain outlets twice a year.  Look for signs of sand discharge and/or grass and straw caught in the rodent guard.  These are indications of problems you will find up the pipe.  Locate and repair the problem.


Do -  Inspect the tile outlet discharge for signs of stringy organic material and orange iron ochre.   Ask your LICO contractor for advice.


Do -  Repair and maintain tile outlets damaged by ice and erosion.


Do -  Inspect your field ditches and repair side bank erosion at points where surface water enters the ditch.


Do -  Direct clean water, ie, roof water, surface water, away from a contamination source such as an outside feedlot to an adequate outlet such as a tile drain, surface drain, etc. and not into a manure storage.


Do -  Develop a good crop plan which includes crop rotations and other soil saving practices.


Do -  Beware of fuel storage areas and watch for overflow onto the soil leading to the groundwater. Get a copy of the Regulations from your agricultural engineer.

Dont -  Place catch basins in or near feedlots and barnyards.

Dont -  Lose or destroy old maps of earlier drainage systems.


Dont -  Dont spread manure on tiled fields when the soil is dry and soil   cracks are deep.


Dont  - Spread liquid manure when the soil surface is too wet and manure runs into ditches.


Dont  - Spread liquid manure on frozen surface, close to ditches or tile inlets nor on top of snow.


Dont Connect field tile to sources of organic pollution such as milk house wash water, surplus milk, barnyard runoff, gutter washing, and silage juice  discharge.


Dont -  Plant crops too close to the edge of ditches, leave an adequate buffer strip.


Dont -   Apply pesticides, chemical fertilizer, or other chemicals when they can be washed into tile drain water or the ground water.


Dont -  Work soil when it is so wet wheels leave tracks and soil compaction.

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